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This book presents fundamental requirements, electrical specification, and parameter tradeoffs of wearable EEG acquisition circuits, especially those compatible with dry electrodes for user-friendly recordings.  The authors introduce active electrode, the most promising solution for dry electrodes-based EEG measurement. This architectural concept has been combined with various, innovative circuit design techniques to illustrate structured IC design methodologies for high performance EEG recording. This book also gives examples on the design, implementation and evaluation of three generations of active electrode ICs.

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This book provides an introduction to Swarm Robotics, which is the application of methods from swarm intelligence to robotics. It goes on to present methods that allow readers to understand how to design large-scale robot systems by going through many example scenarios on topics such as aggregation, coordinated motion (flocking), task allocation, self-assembly, collective construction, and environmental monitoring. The author explains the methodology behind building multiple, simple robots and how the complexity emerges from the multiple interactions between these robots such that they are able to solve difficult tasks. The book can be used as a short textbook for specialized courses or as an introduction to Swarm Robotics for graduate students, researchers, and professionals who want a concise introduction to the field.

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This book presents and develops several important concepts of speech enhancement in a simple but rigorous way. Many of the ideas are new; not only do they shed light on this old problem but they also offer valuable tips on how to improve on some well-known conventional approaches. The book unifies all aspects of speech enhancement, from single channel, multichannel, beamforming, time domain, frequency domain and time–frequency domain, to binaural in a clear and flexible framework. It starts with an exhaustive discussion on the fundamental best (linear and nonlinear) estimators, showing how they are connected to various important measures such as the coefficient of determination, the correlation coefficient, the conditional correlation coefficient, and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). It then goes on to show how to exploit these measures in order to derive all kinds of noise reduction algorithms that can offer an accurate and versatile compromise between noise reduction and speech distortion.

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This book focuses on the theory and application of interdependent networks. The contributors consider the influential networks including power and energy networks, transportation networks, and social networks. The first part of the book provides the next generation sustainability framework as well as a comprehensive introduction of smart cities with special emphasis on energy, communication, data analytics and transportation. The second part offers solutions to performance and security challenges of developing interdependent networks in terms of networked control systems, scalable computation platforms, and dynamic social networks. The third part examines the role of electric vehicles in the future of sustainable interdependent networks. The fourth and last part of this volume addresses the promises of control and management techniques for the future power grids.

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This book introduces a new approach to model and predict substrate parasitic failures in integrated circuits with standard circuit design tools.

The injection of majority and minority carriers in the substrate is a recurring problem in smart power ICs containing high voltage, high current switching devices besides sensitive control, protection and signal processing circuits.

The injection of parasitic charges leads to the activation of substrate bipolar transistors. This book explores how these events can be evaluated for a wide range of circuit topologies. To this purpose, new generalized devices implemented in Verilog-A are used to model the substrate with standard circuit simulators. This approach was able to predict for the first time the activation of a latch-up in real circuits through post-layout SPICE simulation analysis.

  • Discusses substrate modeling and circuit-level simulation of parasitic bipolar device coupling effects in integrated circuits;
  • Includes circuit back-annotation of the parasitic lateral n-p-n and vertical p-n-p bipolar transistors in the substrate;
  • Uses Spice for simulation and characterization of parasitic bipolar transistors, latch-up of the parasitic p-n-p-n structure, and electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection devices;
  • Offers design guidelines to reduce couplings by adding specific protections.

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This thesis reports on sparsity-based multipath exploitation methods for through-the-wall radar imaging. Multipath creates ambiguities in the measurements provoking unwanted ghost targets in the image. This book describes sparse reconstruction methods that are not only suppressing the ghost targets, but using multipath to one’s advantage. With adopting the compressive sensing principle, fewer measurements are required for image reconstruction as compared to conventional techniques. The book describes the development of a comprehensive signal model and some associated reconstruction methods that can deal with many relevant scenarios, such as clutter from building structures, secondary reflections from interior walls, as well as stationary and moving targets, in urban radar imaging. The described methods are evaluated here using simulated as well as measured data from semi-controlled laboratory experiments.

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This book consolidates some of the most promising advanced smart grid functionalities and provides a comprehensive set of guidelines for their implementation/evaluation using DIgSILENT Power Factory.

It includes specific aspects of modeling, simulation and analysis, for example wide-area monitoring, visualization and control, dynamic capability rating, real-time load measurement and management, interfaces and co-simulation for modeling and simulation of hybrid systems. It also presents key advanced features of modeling and automation of calculations using PowerFactory, such as the use of domain-specific (DSL) and DIgSILENT Programming (DPL) languages, and utilizes a variety of methodologies including theoretical explanations, practical examples and guidelines.

Providing a concise compilation of significant outcomes by experienced users and developers of this program, it is a valuable resource for postgraduate students and engineers working in power-system operation and planning.


 

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This book presents techniques necessary to predict cardiac arrhythmias, long before they occur, based on minimal ECG data. The authors describe the key information needed for automated ECG signal processing, including ECG signal pre-processing, feature extraction and classification. The adaptive and novel ECG processing techniques introduced in this book are highly effective and suitable for real-time implementation on ASICs.

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This book constitutes the proceedings of the Second International Conference on Cloud, Networking for IoT Systems, CN4IoT 2017, and the Second EAI International Conference on ICT Infrastructures and Services for Smart Cities, IISSC 2017, held in Brindisi, Italy, in April 2017.

The 26 full papers of both conferences were selected from 39 submissions. CN4IoT presents research activities on the uniform management and operation related to software defined infrastructures, in particular by analyzing limits or advantages in solutions for Cloud Networking and IoT. IISSC papers focus on ICT infrastructures (technologies, models, frameworks) and services in cities and smart communities.

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This book describes the common ground between electricity markets (EMs) and software agents (or artificial intelligence generally). It presents an up-to-date introduction to EMs and intelligent agents, and offers a comprehensive description of the research advances and key achievements related to existing and emerging market designs to reliably and efficiently manage the potential challenges of variable generation (VG). Most EMs are unique in their complex relationships between economics and the physics of energy, but were created without the notion that large penetrations of variable generation (VG) would be part of the supply mix. An advanced multi-agent approach simulates the behavior of power markets over time, particularly markets with large-scale penetrations of renewable resources. It is intended as a reference book for researchers, academics and industry practitioners, but given the scope of the chapters and the highly accessible style, the book also provides a coherent foundation for several different graduate courses.

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This book proposes a new approach to colour in digital images, based on the standard sRGB colour space and Python scripting. It covers creating, storing, processing, displaying, printing, and viewing colour images. The fundamental ideas presented include systematic reduction of colour resolution to manageable sRGB sub-spaces, analysis of any image as a tabular colour scheme, general transformation and specific substitution of colours, and revival of the traditional notion of a neutral balance by adjusting all colours or by adjoining a colour frame. The text includes Python scripts for the processes discussed, downloadable in the e-book. It is of interest to artists, designers, and anyone who works with sRGB colour images.

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This book constitutes the revised papers of the ten international workshops that were held at BPM 2016, the 14th International Conference on Business Process Management, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in September 2016.


The 36 papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 64 submissions. They are from the following workshops: BPI 2016 – 12th International Workshop on Business Process Intelligence; BPMO 2016 – 1st Workshop on Workshop on Business Process Management and Ontologies; BPMS2 2016 – 9th Workshop on Social and Human Aspects of Business Process Management; DeMiMoP 2016 – 4th International Workshop on Decision Mining & Modeling for Business Processes; IWPE 2016 – 2nd International Workshop on Process Engineering; PQ 2016 – 1st International Workshop on Process Querying; ReMa 2016 – 1st Workshop on Resource Management in Business Processes; PRAISE 2016 – 1st International Workshop on Runtime Analysis of Process-Aware Information Systems; SABPM 2016 – 1st International Workshop on Sustainability-Aware Business Process Management; TAProViz 2016 – 5th International Workshop on Theory and Application of Visualizations and Human-centric Aspects in Processes.

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Online fault diagnosis is crucial to ensure safe operation of complex dynamic systems in spite of faults affecting the system behaviors. Consequences of the occurrence of faults can be severe and result in human casualties, environmentally harmful emissions, high repair costs, and economical losses caused by unexpected stops in production lines. The majority of real systems are hybrid dynamic systems (HDS). In HDS, the dynamical behaviors evolve continuously with time according to the discrete mode (configuration) in which the system is. Consequently, fault diagnosis approaches must take into account both discrete and continuous dynamics as well as the interactions between them in order to perform correct fault diagnosis. This book presents recent and advanced approaches and techniques that address the complex problem of fault diagnosis of hybrid dynamic and complex systems using different model-based and data-driven approaches in different application domains (inductor motors, chemical process formed by tanks, reactors and valves, ignition engine, sewer networks, mobile robots, planetary rover prototype etc.). These approaches cover the different aspects of performing single/multiple online/offline parametric/discrete abrupt/tear and wear fault diagnosis in incremental/non-incremental manner, using different modeling tools (hybrid automata, hybrid Petri nets, hybrid bond graphs, extended Kalman filter etc.) for different classes of hybrid dynamic and complex systems.

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This book provides readers with an in-depth discussion of circuit simulation, combining basic electrical engineering circuit theory with Python programming. It fills an information gap by describing the development of Python Power Electronics, an open-source software for simulating circuits, and demonstrating its use in a sample circuit. Unlike typical books on circuit theory that describe how circuits can be solved mathematically, followed by examples of simulating circuits using specific, commercial software, this book has a different approach and focus. The author begins by describing every aspect of the open-source software, in the context of non-linear power electronic circuits, as a foundation for aspiring or practicing engineers to embark on further development of open source software for different purposes.  By demonstrating explicitly the operation of the software through algorithms, this book brings together the fields of electrical engineering and software technology.

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This book introduces new compilation techniques, using the polyhedron model for the resource-adaptive parallel execution of loop programs on massively parallel processor arrays. The authors show how to compute optimal symbolic assignments and parallel schedules of loop iterations at compile time, for cases where the number of available cores becomes known only at runtime. The compile/runtime symbolic parallelization approach the authors describe reduces significantly the runtime overhead, compared to dynamic or just?in-time compilation. The new, on?demand fault?tolerant loop processing approach described in this book protects loop nests for parallel execution against soft errors.

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This book provides some recent research advances in the field of lean manufacturing. Its content is of interest to students in management and production engineering. Topics covered include Just in Time (JIT), Kaizen activities and Critical Metrics. The chapters are written by worldwide well-known experts in the field.

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The book provides a comprehensive overview of electromigration and its effects on the reliability of electronic circuits. It introduces the physical process of electromigration, which gives the reader the requisite understanding and knowledge for adopting appropriate counter measures. A comprehensive set of options is presented for modifying the present IC design methodology to prevent electromigration. Finally, the authors show how specific effects can be exploited in present and future technologies to reduce electromigration’s negative impact on circuit reliability.

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This book contains a selection of papers presented at the 17th AISEM (“Associazione Italiana Sensori e Microsistemi”) National Conference on Sensors and Microsystems, held in Brescia, 5-7 February, 2013. The conference highlighted state-of-the-art results from both theoretical and applied research in the field of sensors and related technologies. This book presents material in an interdisciplinary approach, covering many aspects of the disciplines related to sensors, including physics, chemistry, materials science, biology and applications.

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This brief studies the general problem of constructing digital chaotic systems in devices with finite precision from low-dimensional to high-dimensional settings, and establishes a general framework for composing them. The contributors demonstrate that the associated state networks of digital chaotic systems are strongly connected. They then further prove that digital chaotic systems satisfy Devaney’s definition of chaos on the domain of finite precision. The book presents Lyapunov exponents, as well as implementations to show the potential application of digital chaotic systems in the real world; the authors also discuss the basic advantages and practical benefits of this approach. 

The authors explore the solutions to dynamic degradation (including short cycle length, decayed distribution and low linear complexity) by proposing novel modelling methods and hardware designs for two different one-dimensional chaotic systems, which satisfy Devaney’s definition of chaos. They then extend it to a higher-dimensional digital-domain chaotic system, which has been used in image-encryption technology. This ensures readers do not encounter large differences between actual and theoretical chaotic orbits through small errors.

Digital Chaotic Systems serves as an up-to-date reference on an important research topic for researchers and students in control science and engineering, computing, mathematics and other related fields of study.

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Ubiquitous Communications and Network Computing, UBICNET 2017, held in Bangalore, India, in August 2017. The 23 full papers were selected from 71 submissions and are grouped in topical sections on safety and energy efficient computing, cloud computing and mobile commerce, advanced and software defined networks, and advanced communication systems and networks.

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This textbook is intended for engineering students taking courses in power electronics, renewable energy sources, smart grids or static power converters. It is also appropriate for students preparing a capstone project where they need to understand, model, supply, control and specify the grid side power converters. The main goal of the book is developing in students the skills that are required to design, control and use static power converters that serve as an interface between the ac grid and renewable power sources. The same skills can be used to design, control and use the static power converters used within the micro-grids and nano-grids, as the converters that provide the interface between such grids and the external grid. The author’s approach starts with basic functionality and the role of grid connected power converters in their typical applications, and their static and dynamic characteristics. Particular effort is dedicated to developing simple, concise, intuitive and easy-to-use mathematical models that summarize the essence of the grid side converter dynamics. Mathematics is reduced to a necessary minimum, solved examples are used extensively to introduce new concepts, and exercises are used to test mastery of new skills.

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This book reports on the design and development of a system that assists remote pilots during the landing procedure. In particular, it covers a previously neglected topic, namely the search for the best pathway and landing site. It describes the system’s components, such as the ultrasonic sensor, infrared sensor and optical sensor, in detail, and discusses the experimental tests carried out in both controlled laboratory and real-world environments. Providing a fascinating survey of the state of the art in the field of unmanned aircraft system electronics design and development, the book also presents recent advances in and cutting-edge methodologies for the development of acquisition systems and inexpensive sensor design for navigation data.

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This book provides the first comprehensive overview of the fascinating topic of audio source separation based on non-negative matrix factorization, deep neural networks, and sparse component analysis.

The first section of the book covers single channel source separation based on non-negative matrix factorization (NMF). After an introduction to the technique, two further chapters describe separation of known sources using non-negative spectrogram factorization, and temporal NMF models. In section two, NMF methods are extended to multi-channel source separation. Section three introduces deep neural network (DNN) techniques, with chapters on multichannel and single channel separation, and a further chapter on DNN based mask estimation for monaural speech separation. In section four, sparse component analysis (SCA) is discussed, with chapters on source separation using audio directional statistics modelling, multi-microphone MMSE-based techniques and diffusion map methods.

 

The book brings together leading researchers to provide tutorial-like and in-depth treatments on major audio source separation topics, with the objective of becoming the definitive source for a comprehensive, authoritative, and accessible treatment. This book is written for graduate students and researchers who are interested in audio source separation techniques based on NMF, DNN and SCA.

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This book describes the PREMISS system, which enables readers to overcome the limitations of state-of-the-art battery-less wireless sensors in size, cost, robustness and range, with a system concept for a 60 GHz wireless sensor system with monolithic sensors.  The authors demonstrate a system in which the wireless sensors consist of wireless power receiving, sensing and communication functions in a single chip, without external components, avoiding costly IC-interfaces that are sensitive to mechanical and thermal stress.

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This book constitutes the proceedings of the First International Conference on 5G for Future Wireless Networks, 5GWN 2017, held in Beijing, China, in April 2017. The 64 full papers were selected from 135 submissions and present the state of the art and practical applications of 5G technologies. The exponentially growing data traffic caused by the development of mobile Internet and smart phones requires powerful networks. The fifth generation (5G) techniques are promising to meet the requirements of this explosive data traffic in future mobile communications.

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 32nd International Conference, ISC High Performance 2017, held in Frankfurt, Germany, in June 2017.

The 22 revised full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 66 submissions. The papers cover the following topics: applications and algorithms; proxy applications; architecture and system optimization; and energy-aware computing.

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This book provides a comprehensive discussion of UML/OCL methods and design flow, for automatic validation and verification of hardware and software systems. While the presented flow focuses on using satisfiability solvers, the authors also describe how these methods can be used for any other automatic reasoning engine.  Additionally, the design flow described is applied to a broad variety of validation and verification tasks.  The authors also cover briefly how non-functional properties such as timing constraints can be handled with the described flow.

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Electrical Machines primarily covers the basic functionality and the role of electrical machines in their typical applications. The effort of applying coordinate transforms is justified by obtaining a more intuitive, concise and easy-to-use model.

In this textbook, mathematics is reduced to a necessary minimum, and priority is given to bringing up the system view and explaining the use and external characteristics of machines on their electrical and mechanical ports. Covering the most relevant concepts relating to machine size, torque and power, the author explains the losses and secondary effects, outlining cases and conditions in which some secondary phenomena are neglected.

While the goal of developing and using machine mathematical models, equivalent circuits and mechanical characteristics persists through the book, the focus is kept on physical insight of electromechanical conversion process. Details such as the slot shape and the disposition of permanent magnets and their effects on the machine parameters and performance are also covered.

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This book discusses design techniques, layout details and measurements of several key analog building blocks that currently limit the performance of 5G and E-Band transceivers implemented in deep-scaled CMOS. The authors present recent developments in low-noise quadrature VCOs and tunable inductor-less frequency dividers. Moreover, the design of low-loss broadband transformer-based filters that realize inter-stage matching, power division/combining and impedance transformation is discussed in great detail. The design and measurements of a low-noise amplifier, a downconverter and a highly-linear power amplifier that leverage the proposed techniques are shown. All the prototypes were realized in advanced nanometer scaled CMOS technologies without RF thick to metal option.

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This book describes the integration, characterization and analysis of cost-efficient thin-film transistors (TFTs), applying zinc oxide as active semiconductors.  The authors discuss soluble gate dielectrics, ZnO precursors, and dispersions containing nanostructures of the material, while different transistor configurations are analyzed with respect to their integration, compatibility, and device performance.  Additionally, simple circuits (inverters and ring oscillators) and a complementary design employing (in)organic semiconducting materials are presented and discussed.  Readers will benefit from concise information on cost-efficient materials and processes, applied in flexible and transparent electronic technology, such as the use of solution-based materials and dispersion containing nanostructures, as well as discussion of the physical fundamentals responsible for the operation of the thin-film transistors and the non-idealities of the device.

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This book presents cutting-edge work on real-time modelling and processing, a highly active research field in both the research and industrial domains. Going beyond conventional real-time systems, major efforts are required to develop accurate and computational efficient real-time modelling algorithms and design automation tools that reflect the technological advances in high-speed and ultra-low-power transceiver communication architectures based on nanoscale devices.

The book addresses basic and more advanced topics, such as I/O buffer circuits for ensuring reliable chip-to-chip communication, I/O buffer behavioural modelling, multiport empirical models for memory interfaces, compact behavioural modelling for memristive devices, and resource reservation modelling for distributed embedded systems. The respective chapters detail new research findings, new models, algorithms, implementations and simulations of the above-mentioned topics. As such, the book will help both graduate students and researchers understand the latest research into real-time modelling and processing.

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This book provides a detailed description of fault tolerant design techniques for smart power drivers and their application in the design of automotive airbag ICs to ensure correct deployment. The book begins with an introduction to the nature of electrical loads in the car, then moves on to describe various current sensing circuits, featuring thermal simulations. It shows how simple design techniques can be applied to ensure appropriate functionality of the IC under any power up condition. It concludes by introducing diagnostic circuits and measurement results. This book is a useful reference for automotive IC designers and provides specifications and design guidelines not found in the current literature.

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This book guides engineers through the use of the Costas loop, which can be considered an extension of the better known Phase-locked loop. The author discusses all three variants of the Costas loop and describes their dynamic behavior, using newly developed mathematical models. Step-by-step design procedures and Simulink models are included for every type of Costas loop.  These models enable designers to test circuits prior to building breadboards or prototypes, accelerating the design process considerably.

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The book consists of peer-reviewed papers from the 9th symposium on Location Based Services (LBS) which is targeted to researchers, industry/market operators and students of different backgrounds (scientific, engineering and humanistic). As the research field is developing and changing fast, this book follows up on current trends and gives suggestions and guidance to further research. This book offers a common ground bringing together various disciplines and practice, knowledge, experiences, plans and ideas on how LBS can and could be improved and on how it will influence both science and society. The book comprises front-end publications organized into sections on:

spatial-temporal data acquisition, processing & analysis; positioning / indoor positioning; way-finding / navigation (indoor / outdoor) & smart mobile phone navigation; interactions, user studies and evaluations; innovative LBS systems & applications.

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This book describes a set of tools and algorithms then enable the electrical engineer in fields such as circuit design, power delivery, signal integrity, analog design, package and board modeling to arrive at approximate and exact solutions robustly and relatively efficiently, even when typical software packages may fail to do so. By leveraging well established and time tested methods, the author demonstrates how the practitioner will be able to deal with various circuit design problems and signal integrity issues both in the frequency and time domains. The presented tool set is an alternative to “brute force” time discretization and software utilization, offering great insight into the operations of linear systems ranging from RLC networks to device modeling.

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This book describes systematic design techniques for chaotic and hyperchaotic systems, the transition from one to the other, and their implementation in electronic circuits. It also discusses the collective phenomena manifested by these systems when connected by a physical coupling scheme. Readers will be introduced to collective behaviours, such as synchronization and oscillation suppression, and will learn how to implement nonlinear differential equations in electronic circuits.

Further, the book shows how the choice of nonlinearity can lead to chaos and hyperchaos, even in a first-order time-delayed system. The occurrence of these phenomena, together with the efficiency of the design techniques described, is presented with theoretical studies, numerical characterization and experimental demonstrations with the corresponding electronic circuits, helping readers grasp the design aspects of dynamical systems as a whole in electronic circuits. The authors then discuss the usefulness of an active all-pass filter as the delay element, supported by their own experimental observations, as well as theoretical and numerical results.

 

Including detailed analysis, as well as computations with suitable dedicated software packages, the book will be of interest to all academics and researchers who wish to expand their knowledge of the subtlety of nonlinear time-delayed systems. It also offers a valuable source of information for engineers, linking the design techniques of chaotic time-delayed systems with their collective phenomena.

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This book discusses semiconductor properties, pn-junctions and the physical phenomena for understanding power devices in depth. Working principles of state-of-the-art power diodes, thyristors, MOSFETs and IGBTs are explained in detail, as well as key aspects of semiconductor device production technology. Special peculiarities of devices from the ascending semiconductor materials SiC and GaN are discussed.

This book presents significant improvements compared to its first edition. It includes chapters on packaging and reliability. The chapter on semiconductor technology is written in a more in-depth way by considering 2D- and high concentration effects. The chapter on IGBTs is extended by new technologies and evaluation of its potential. An extended theory of cosmic ray failures is presented. The range of certain important physical relationships, doubted in recent papers for use in device simulation, is cleared and substantiated in this second edition.

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  • Provides a reference on spectrum sharing, radio propagation and the deterministic analysis for the Co-Channel Interference (CCI) and Adjacent Channel Interference (ACI)
  •  
  • Describes a methodology for an interference model in the co-channel and adjacent channel interference scenarios, which essentially depends on the interferer Adjacent Channel Leakage Ratio (ACLR) receiver, Adjacent Channel Selectivity (ACS) and the clutter loss effect
  • Equips readers to solve one of the most complicated problems of frequency sharing between IMT-Advanced and FSS

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  • Introduces the concept of combined cycle nuclear plants, explaining how recent advances in gas turbines have made these systems increasingly desirable
  • Promulgates modelling and analysis techniques to identify opportunities for increased thermodynamic efficiency and decreased water usage over current Light Water Reactor (LWR) systems
  • Examines all power conversion aspects from the fluid exiting the reactor to the energy releases to the environment, with special focus on heat exchangers and turbo-machinery
  • Provides examples of small projects to facilitate nuanced understanding of the theories and implementation of combined-cycle nuclear plants

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Modeling, Simulation, and Optimization of Supply Chains is an up-to-date introduction to the mathematical theory of supply chains, which focuses on those supply chain networks which are described by partial differential equations. The book discusses modeling of complex supply networks as well as their mathematical theory. In addition, the authors investigate the optimization of some of the discussed models and present the analytical and numerical results on optimization problems. Practical examples demonstrate the applicability of the presented approaches. The book provides an introduction to the topic and also explores the more advanced theoretical and numerical background. Graduate students and researchers, who wish to stay abreast of the latest developments in this field, will be interested in this book; it may be used to teach advanced courses on modeling of physical phenomena as well as introductory courses on supply chain theory.

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This book is written as a very concise introduction for students taking a first course in communication systems. It provides the reader with fundamentals of digital communication systems and disseminates the essentials needed for the understanding of wire and wireless communication systems for Electrical Engineers. It covers important topics right from the beginning of the subject which communication engineers must understand. Example problems in each chapter will help them in understanding the materials well. The study of data networking will include multiple access, reliable packet transmission, routing and protocols of the internet. The concepts taught in class will be discussed in the context of aerospace communication systems: aircraft communications, satellite communications.

The book includes example problems in each chapter to help the reader in understanding the materials well.

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This book provides an introduction to digital storage for consumer electronics. It discusses the various types of digital storage, including emerging non-volatile solid-state storage technologies and their advantages and disadvantages. It discusses the best practices for selecting, integrating, and using storage devices for various applications. It explores the networking of devices into an overall organization that results in always-available home storage combined with digital storage in the cloud to create an infrastructure to support emerging consumer applications and the Internet of Things. It also looks at the role of digital storage devices in creating security and privacy in consumer products. 

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This textbook provides a detailed description of operation problems in power systems, including power system modeling, power system steady-state operations, power system state estimation, and electricity markets. The book provides an appropriate blend of theoretical background and practical applications, which are developed as working algorithms, coded in Octave (or Matlab) and GAMS environments.  This feature strengthens the usefulness of the book for both students and practitioners. Students will gain an insightful understanding of current power system operation problems in engineering, including: (i) the formulation of decision-making models, (ii) the familiarization with efficient solution algorithms for such models, and (iii) insights into these problems through the detailed analysis of numerous illustrative examples. The authors use a modern, “building-block” approach to solving complex problems, making the topic accessible to students with limited background in power systems. Solved examples are used to introduce new concepts and each chapter ends with a set of exercises.

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The book presents the latest developments in narrow fabrics and smart materials from research institutions, machinery building companies and producers of such products, presented during the International Week of Narrow and Smart Textiles in Spring 2018 in Mönchengladbach, Germany. It also demonstrates different applications of braided and woven fabrics. Braided and woven narrow products are produced using completely different techniques, but have a lot of similarities in their applications – they are used as belts, ropes and tubes in areas ranging from medical textiles, cables, technical and home applications to large-scale transport belts and long tubes for transporting oil from the bottom of the ocean.

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Drawing on over twenty years of teaching experience, this comprehensive yet self-contained text provides an in-depth introduction to the field of integrated microwave electronics. Ideal for a first course on the subject, it covers essential topics such as passive components and transistors, linear, low-noise and power amplifiers, and microwave measurements. An entire chapter is devoted to CAD techniques for analysis and design, covering examples of easy-to-medium difficulty for both linear and non-linear subsystems, and supported online by ADS and AWR project files. More advanced topics are also covered, providing an up-to-date overview of compound semiconductor technologies and treatment of electromagnetic issues and models. Readers can test their knowledge with end-of-chapter questions and numerical problems, and solutions and lecture slides are available online for instructors. This is essential reading for graduate and senior undergraduate students taking courses in microwave, radio-frequency and high-frequency electronics, as well as professional microwave engineers.

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This book discusses analysis, design and optimization techniques for streaming multiprocessor systems, while satisfying a given area, performance, and energy budget. The authors describe design flows for both application-specific and general purpose streaming systems.  Coverage also includes the use of machine learning for thermal optimization at run-time, when an application is being executed.  The design flow described in this book extends to thermal and energy optimization with multiple applications running sequentially and concurrently.

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This Springer Brief focuses mainly on the basic theory and applications of massive MIMO in 5G networks. The significance of massive MIMO for 5G or future communications is first briefly discussed. Then, the basic theory of massive MIMO technology is comprehensively analyzed, i.e., a variety of 5G scenarios and their improvements are described when massive MIMO is taken into account. Art physical-layer techniques and various networking techniques for interference mitigation and resource scheduling are introduced as well. This SpringerBrief also examines the selected applications of massive MIMO in 5G networks, i.e., massive MIMO-aided millimeter communications and energy transfer. The physical-layer design, multiple access control (MAC) mechanism and networking techniques are discussed for millimeter-wave communications aided by massive MIMO technology. Then, massive MIMO is covered for hybrid information and energy transfer. A downlink precoder and a uplink pilot scheme is proposed for single cell networks, and both non-cooperative and cooperative energy transfer in multi-cell are presented.

 Communication researchers in the area of MIMO technology, as well as researchers and practitioners working in millimeter communications and energy transfer seeking new research topics, and topic areas with communication system design, centralized and distributed algorithms, will find this brief useful as a reference. Advanced-level students studying communication engineering will also find this book useful as a secondary text.

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This book provides wide knowledge about designing FPGA-based heterogeneous computing systems, using a high-level design environment based on OpenCL (Open Computing language), which is called OpenCL for FPGA. The OpenCL-based design methodology will be the key technology to exploit the potential of FPGAs in various applications such as low-power embedded applications and high-performance computing. By understanding the OpenCL-based design methodology, readers can design an entire FPGA-based computing system more easily compared to the conventional HDL-based design, because OpenCL for FPGA takes care of computation on a host, data transfer between a host and an FPGA, computation on an FPGA with a capable of accessing external DDR memories.

 In the step-by-step way, readers can understand followings:

  • how to set up the design environment
  • how to write better codes systematically considering architectural constraints
  • how to design practical applications

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This book provides a complete overview of significant design challenges in respect to circuit miniaturization and power reduction of the neural recording system, along with circuit topologies, architecture trends, and (post-silicon) circuit optimization algorithms. The introduced novel circuits for signal conditioning, quantization, and classification, as well as system configurations focus on optimized power-per-area performance, from the spatial resolution (i.e. number of channels), feasible wireless data bandwidth and information quality to the delivered power of implantable system.

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